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鄭瓊娟的峰迴路轉─台灣戰後第一代現代藝術女畫家

主辦人/單位: 新竹市政府
活動類別: 展覽

首次展演日期: 2020-01-21    結束展演日期: 2020-03-15
詳細時間說明:
2020 / 1 / 21 (二) 至 3 / 25(三)9:00-17:00
(免費參觀,每週一休館)

活動地點:新竹市美術館

地址:新竹市中央路116號

關於展演:

【鄭瓊娟的峰迴路轉-台灣戰後第一代現代藝術女畫家】

 展期|2020 / 1 / 21 (二) 至 3 / 25(三)
(免費參觀,每週一休館,小年夜至初四休館)
 地點| 新竹市美術館(新竹市中央路116號)
 策展人|白雪蘭
 藝術家|鄭瓊娟
 五月畫會藝術家|郭東榮、陳景容

🔸指導單位|文化部
🔸主辦單位|新竹市政府
🔸承辦單位|新竹市文化局
🔸策展團隊|恆禾藝創

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回顧一甲子前的六十年代,台灣正展開一場革命性的藝術運動,那是解構形象,以抽象來表現的心象的主流繪畫,此為當時的前衛藝術思潮。受到歐美現代畫派理論的啟發,如《五月畫會》、《東方畫會》之年輕藝術家以倡導現代藝術為目標。但當時社會風氣保守,他們奮力鼓吹才開拓出新的局面。而新竹出生的鄭瓊娟躬逢這段藝術史的變局,成為戰後第一代女性現代藝術家。

2013年台北市立美術館所舉辦的「台灣現當代女性藝術五部曲,1930-1983」,鄭瓊娟被列為1960年代,以前衛藝術與現代繪畫為創作追求的四位畫家之首(鄭瓊娟、李芳枝、黃潤色、林燕),揭示鄭瓊娟在台灣現代美術史上的代表性與重要性。

【新竹時期】

1931年鄭瓊娟年出生於新竹北門街上(表町),父親鄭國川所開設同仁醫院,鄭國川醫師也是新竹市協議員,木材行監事等,事業跨越政商為一士紳。母親李凉為名門李錫金曾孫,鄭瓊娟的家世是日治時代精英家庭的代表,所以她接受完整的教育。

鄭瓊娟從新竹第一幼稚園,而後入新竹尋常小學校、新竹高女初中部、新竹女中就讀,皆名列前茅,為學校風雲人物。1952年她考入師大美術系,師事朱德群、廖繼春、溥心畬等老師,並至李石樵畫室勤練素描,開啟她進入現代藝術之門。1956年自師大畢業,隔年(1957) 廖繼春推薦她和陳景容參加「五月畫會」第一次於中山堂的展出,和郭東榮、劉國松、李芳枝、郭豫倫同時成為創展會員。

同年經由廖繼春的介紹,和日本經濟碩士梁福川先生公證結婚,後定居東京世田谷,現實的生活中與夫婿的價值觀不同,家庭衝突不斷,致使創作一度中斷十年,憑藉堅忍與智慧到六十年代末才重拾畫筆,回歸藝術之路。 

【日本時期】

1957年她遠嫁日本,一心向學期待在日本深造繼續創作,但養育孩子與家務的責任,使她的夢想幻滅。不願服輸的她透過閱讀書報、交遊工作、環境薰陶,涵養自己的思維見識。此時經濟強大的日本,舉辦來自歐美的哥雅、米羅、馬格利特、畢卡索、蘇聯百幅名畫等等大展,透過藝術評論與展品,她拓展了藝術視野。在無創作條件的情況下,未放棄初衷,蘊育創作能量。 

六十年代是日本創造經濟奇蹟的時代,鄭瓊娟身處其中,享受諸多的現代化便利,而繪畫領域的前衛思潮,正是非具象、抽象的全盛時代,激發鄭瓊娟的藝術思考。除此約瑟夫.墨菲(Joseph Murphy)所著《潛意識的力量》是1960年代的風靡全球的暢銷書,鄭瓊娟當時也深受這本書的影響。這本書教人掌握一股奇蹟力量,讓人擺脫困惑、痛苦、憂鬱、失敗,而能生氣蓬勃充滿信心,心智由意識層次和潛意識層次的互動,有技巧地導向某個特定目標,開發內在無窮的力量。於是在1969年她重拾畫筆,參與日本的畫會活動,鄭瓊娟堅持:「我的繪畫是表現精神意象與熱情,想要創造完成自己的繪畫」。出於這種內心的熱情,她的作品總是充滿能量與多樣性。 

【重返台灣】

1991年鄭瓊娟在日本舉行六十歲首次個展後,決心重返台灣畫壇。隔年她回台北居住,參加再起的「五月畫會」與「女畫家畫會」,蓄積多年的創作能量如火焰熾燒,傾力而出。此時心靈的自由以及對環境的感應,個人的家族歷史,潛意識的力量,皆成為創作題材。透過日月晨昏、植物花草、四季風景,產生時而半具象時而抽象的藝術樣貌,彎曲小如漩渦大如太極的線條,將迂迴、堅忍的力量注入畫面,畫刀刮、疊、滴、灑、流等自動性技法做出層次的肌理,在奔放的黃、紅、白、黑、金色彩下,構成視覺強烈的作品,受到各方邀請展覽。

2003年後她移居故鄉新竹長住,她說:「還是住在故鄉最安心」,安住的心讓她轉向探討宇宙天體、大氣、陰陽、太極等東方思惟的主題,隨著歲月積累,近期她的創作泉源多是人生體悟與形而上的哲思,作品的形式自由,透過排列裝置,展現諸多變化的可能性。

鄭瓊娟以強韌的生命力自學不輟,展開藝術之路。經歷人生各種滋味,想要「做自己」的力量支持她的思惟與時俱進,她完全以「問心」來創作。廖繼春曾說:「畫抽象畫是自然的趨势,因為現代繪畫已由外界視覺轉為内心感情的直接表現。」鄭瓊娟的心志純淨高潔,所以簡約優雅大器的作品於焉產生。

她的人生見證女性如何掙脫傳統成為現代的專業畫家,她說:「做人和畫畫一樣,先要立志然後堅持,最後你才能得到成功。」她是極少數值得喝采尊敬的台灣現代女藝術家。

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Twists and Turns on Artist’s Road of CHENG Chung Chuan

Throwing back to the 1960s, Taiwan was launching a revolutionary art movement, when deconstructions of representation and expressions of abstraction trended at the time. Inspired by Neo-Impressionism in the west, young artists of the Fifth Moon and the Eastern Painting Group aimed at promoting modern art. The society was conservative at the time, so they tried very hard to break new ground. CHENG Chung Chuan, born in Hsinchu in the dynamic era, became the first generation of post-war female artists in Taiwan modern art.

In the exhibition Women Adventures: Five Eras of Taiwanese Art, organized by the Taipei Fine Arts Museum in 2013, CHENG was listed as the first among the four painters in the 1960s (CHENG Chung Chuan, LI Fang, June HUANG, Swallow Y. LIN), who pursued the avant-garde art and modern art, revealing CHENG's representative and significant position in the history of Taiwan modern art.

【The Period of Time in Hsinchu】

CHENG was born in 1931 in her father’s hospital located in Beimen Street (Omotecho), Hsinchu. Her father, CHENG Guo Chuan, was a gentry with his career across politics and business. Her mother, LI Liang, born in a famous family, was LI Xi Jin's granddaughter. CHENG's family was the representative of the elite family in the Japanese Colonial Period, which explained why she received complete education.

During CHENG’s student time at the First Kindergarten, the Ordinary Elementary School, the Girl’s Junior High School, and the Girl’s Senior High School in Hsinchu, her performance always ranked among the best, which made her famous on campus. In 1952, she was admitted to the Department of Fine Art in Taiwan Normal University, and taught by CHU Teh Chun, LIAO Chi Chun, and PU Hsin Yu. Furthermore, she went to LEE Shih Chiao's studio to practice sketching, giving her access to modern art. In 1957, one year after graduation, her teacher LIAO Chi Chun recommended her and CHEN Ching Jung to participate in the Fifth Moon Painting Group’s first exhibition at the Zhongshan Hall. They also became the Fifth Moon Group’s founding members with KUO Tong Jong, LIU Kuo Sung, LI Fang, and KUO Yu Lun.

In the same year, through the introduction of LIAO Chi Chun, CHENG got married with LIANG Fu Chuan, who received his master’s degree in Economics in Japan, and settled down in Setagaya, Tokyo. The different values between CHENG and her husband led to their on-going conflicts, causing a decade’s interruption in CHENG’s work. Until the end of the 1960’s, CHENG returned to the road of art with perseverance and wisdom.

The Period of Time in Japan】

After CHENG got married in 1957 and settled down in Japan, she devoted herself to studying and her artworks, but the responsibility of raising children and doing housework got into the way of her dream. Unwilling to give up, she cultivated her cogitation through reading books and newspapers, socializing and feeling the environment. During that period of time, Japan, which had a strong economy, organized grand exhibitions that included hundreds of famous paintings by Goya, Miró, Magritte, Picasso, etc. Through art criticism and exhibitions, CHENG expanded her horizon of art. Unable to create art, she remembered her original intention, and moreover, fostered the energy of creation.

The 1960s was a time of the Japanese economic miracle, and CHENG was involved in it and enjoyed lots of modern convenience. The avant-garde trend of art in this generation, was exactly the heyday of non-figurative and abstract arts, which inspired CHENG’s opinion on art. In addition, the best-selling book in the 1960s, "The Power of Your Subconscious Mind", written by Joseph Murphy, also influenced CHENG. This book taught people how to master the miracle power, relieved people of their confusion, pain, depression and failure, and made people full of vitality and confidence. Through interactions between consciousness and subconsciousness, the book skillfully led people to specific goals, exploiting the infinite power within. Therefore, CHENG returned to her art career in 1969 and participated in the activities of Japanese painting groups. "My paintings express my spirit and enthusiasm, and I want to create my own paintings," CHENG stated. Out of passion, CHENG’s artworks were always full of energy and diversity.

Return to Taiwan】

CHENG Chung Chuan determined to return to Taiwan after her first solo exhibition at the age of sixty in 1991 in Japan. In the following year, she returned to Taiwan and lived in Taipei while participating the renewed "Fifth Moon Painting Group" and the "Female Artists Association of Taipei". Her power of creativeness that accumulated over the years spread out like a prairie fire. During that time, the freedom of the soul, the sense of the environment, the history of her family, and the power of the subconscious all became CHENG’s subject of artworks. Through the semi-figurative and abstract art of day and night, dawn and evening, plants and flowers, and the scenery of four seasons, CHENG injected power into her artworks. Using different shapes of lines while layering textures with painting skills, she formed visually dynamic artworks through the unrestrained colors of yellow, red, white, black, and gold, and was invited to many exhibitions.

After 2003, CHENG moved to her hometown, Hsinchu. "Home is the most secure place to live in, " she said. Stability of life in her hometown made her explore the subjects in the east, such as the universe, the atmosphere, the Yin and Yang, and the Tai Chi. As time goes by, inspirations to her recent artworks originate mostly from the philosophy in life. CHENG’s artworks become free of form, exhibiting versatility via different layouts.

CHENG Chung Chuan continued her self-study with a strong vitality and began her artistic career. After undergoing various experiences in life, her strength of “being true to the self” supported her to keep up with the time. She creates her artworks from "the bottom of her heart". CHENG’s teacher LIAO Chi Chun once said, "Abstract paintings are a natural trend, since modern painting has developed from the outer visions to the inner feelings." CHENG Chung Chuan’s mind has been pure and clean, thus, simple and elegant artworks are created.

CHENG’s life presented how women broke free from traditions and become professional modern artists. She said, "Being a person is the same as painting, you must believe in yourself in order to achieve greatness." She is one of the most respected female artists in Taiwan modern art.

活動聯絡電話: 03-5247218    活動聯絡人: 駐館人員 劉先生

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